Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is constantly expanding in various sectors, including the Education sector. A report by Infodev illustrated that 55% of American Schools incorporate ICT in their academic platforms.
Complementary studies indicate that throughout schools, which actively incorporate ICT, students tend to exhibit improved academic results. Further, these schools show an increase in the number of awards that students receive for outstanding achievements, compared to schools which do not implement ICT.
An example of how ICT aids in these outstanding results comes in the form of CAI (Computer Aided Instruction). This term refers to educational material, such as self-study guides or tutorials on computers.
According to the report, students that make use of CAI’s have shown a slight improvement in test scores, as well as an improvement in areas such as reading and mathematical skills.
Students who were able to access school information from both home and school, showed higher signs of motivation, and thus had a slight improvement on their scores at the end of each term.
However, ICT is still a developing concept, with regards to the academic platform. Although it has been demonstrated that through integration, ICT can aid in distance learning, certain OECD countries reported the greatest time used on computers outside of school, showed a lower-than-average achievement rating for students.
The speculation behind this is the simple fact that for ICT to work effectively outside the schooling platform, students need to be willing to devote time towards it; currently the majority of time spent on a computer outside of school, is dedicated to gaming.